• ON MANITOBAN CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM – The North American child welfare systems still prefer child-protection strategies, even though aboriginal youths are still suffering from the repercussions of the residential school systems which separated children from their families and subjected them to maltreatment. Rather than taking an at risk child away from their homes and family, the system should be providing support to the families. This lack of support towards families in the Child Welfare System has prompted six advocates for the First Nations children to go on a hunger strike to raise awareness of the broken system (Huffington Post).
  • ON YOUTH HOMELESSNESS – In Ottawa Canada, organizations are joining forces to end youth homelessness. They have taken initiatives not only to manage it, but also to reach deeper at the root of the problem to even try to prevent youth homelessness (Ottawa Citizen).
  • ON ABORIGINAL YOUTH – A study conducted by the At-Risk Youth Study between September 2005 to May 2013, has found that aboriginal youth have a higher incarceration rate than non-aboriginal youth. They are 1.4 times more likely to go to go to jail than non-aboriginal youth (The Manitoban).
  • ON FOSTER CARE –  According to British Columbia’s provincial government, there are 350 children over the age of 12 awaiting to be permanently adopted. For older children, the adoption process can take 5 to 10 years and in the event where a child is not adopted by the age of 19, they age out of governmental care (Vancouver Sun).
  • ON YOUTH CENTRES – The youth organization, Cyrus Centre in Abbotsford B.C which provide help to at-risk and homeless youth, has an average visit count of about 875 youths per month. Yet the organization’s resources are becoming more limited as they do not have the financial means to respond to the growing demand of services.(Abbotsford News).


  • ON YOUTH HOMELESSNESS – The youth homeless shelter, Covenant House in Toronto, Ontario, is one of the largest in Canada yet Amanda, a 19-year-old young woman who has been homeless for five years, chose to live on the streets rather than seek shelter there (Toronto Observer).
  • ON YOUTH – According to Maatalii Okalik, head of the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami’s National Inuit Youth Council, youth crime in Inuit Nunangat, Nunavut is a result of societal neglect towards these adolescents. yet despite these indisputable facts, the issues of the youth community in Nunavut are being neglected on a national level as these issues are not being addressed or even paid any attention to (Nunatsiaq Online).
  • ON CHILD CARE SYSTEM – In North America, children at risk are often apprehended from their homes to protect them, leading to a higher rate of children in care. But Sweden, a country with a lower rate of children in care, has implemented family welfare policies which give families access to in-home services and resources to keep them together rather than separate them (Winnipeg Free Press).
  • ON GROUP HOMES – A group home near 116th Avenue and 91st, in Edmonton, Alta, has been visited 62 times by local police. One sergeant expressed grave concerns over the home’s ability to control the juvenile youth staying there, even though the real problem may come from the lack of support for it by government (Edmonton Journal).
  • AND MORE ON CHILD CARE SYSTEM – Even though Manitoban law states that foster parents, group home workers and anyone involved with children within the Child and Family Services, must report any injuries to a child in care, as seen in the case of Phoenix Sinclair who was murdered in 2005, the CFS were unable to protect the five-year-old and was not even made aware of the case until nine months after (Winnipeg Free Press).


  • ON YOUTH – Before Alex Gervais’ death, he was placed in an Abbotsford hotel while in the care of British Columbia’s Ministry of Children and Family Development, even though its policy states that they should not place youths in hotels unsupervised (Global News).
  • ON FOSTER CARE SYSTEM – After the age of 19, foster care support is no longer provided for young adults in British Columbia, even though this can lead to high statistics of homelessness, unemployment, poverty, drug and alcohol abuse and incarceration among those who have gone through the system (Vancouver Sun).
  • ON CHILD WELFARE  – Alberta’s child welfare authorities were aware of the abusive and violent history of a man who lived in a remote community 750 kilometers north of Edmonton. But no action was taken to prevent further harm to his son and wife, which eventually led to the son shooting the father (Edmonton Journal).
  • AND MORE ON CHILDCARE SYSTEM – In response to the high rates of injuries and deaths of youth in government care, British Columbia has made some changes, such as hiring more social workers and adding more hospital beds. But, as seen in the cases of Alex Gervais and Alex Malamalatabua, there is still an absence of complex health and mental care within the childcare system (Globe and Mail).